Main Article Content
This study opted to 1) investigate a difference between cooperative and competitive learning modes in affecting English language achievement; 2) find gender, intra-gender and inter-gender differences in English language achievement within and across the three learning conditions and 3) study relationship between students’ motivation to learn English language and English language achievement. An English language test was administered to 120 Arsi Negelle Shala Secondary School grade 9 students. The 12 items Mini-Attitude/Motivation test battery (Mini-AMTB) was administered to the students. Different parametric tests were used in the pre-test and post-test data analysis. Post-test analysis result revealed that cooperative learners significantly outperformed both competitive learners and control group, but the control group significantly outperformed competitive learners. Both groups of male and female students favoured cooperative learning mode; however, males favoured more. The aggregate measures of Mini-AMTB produced significant positive correlations with English language achievement, but language anxiety produced significant negative correlation.
Keywords: Cooperative learning, competitive learning, instructional goal structure, second language motivation.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).