International Journal of Innovative Research in Education <p align="justify"><strong>International Journal of Innovative Research in Education (IJIRE)</strong> is a multidisciplinary journal of innovative research in education. It is an online open access journal that aims to promote new innovative ideas in all fields of education, and publish manuscripts both in English and Turkish Languages. Manuscripts submitted to the journal must be original and follow the criteria and the style of the journal to both reviewing and editing.</p> en-US Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zehra Ozcinar) (Ahmet Yılmaz) Sat, 29 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Message from Editor <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Dear Readers,<br> It is a great honor for us to publish fifty volume, fourth issue International Journal of Innovative Research in Education (IJIRE).</p> <p>International Journal of Innovative Research in Education welcomes original empirical investigations and comprehensive literature review articles. The journal aims to promote new innovative ideas in all fields of education.</p> <p>The journal provides an international platform for researchers, managers, scientists, professionals and professors of educational sciences to publish high quality refereed papers comprising comprehensive leading trends of education.</p> <p>A total number of sixteen (15) manuscripts were submitted for this issue and each paper has been subjected to double-blind peer review process by the reviewers specialized in the related field. At the end of the review process, a total number of three (3) high quality research papers were selected and accepted for publication for this issue.</p> <p>We present many thanks to all the contributors who helped us to publish this issue.</p> <p>Best regards,<br> Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zehra Ozcinar<br> Editor – in Chief</p> </div> </div> </div> Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zehra Ozcinar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 29 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Health And Safety Instructions In The Markets <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The concept of Occupational Health and Safety has become increasingly important as a result of increased industrialization and the development of new technologies all over the world. The basic philosophy of Occupational Health and Safety is to reduce the number of work accidents and to provide a healthier work environment for employees. The most risky sectors in the world are designated as mining, agriculture, forestry and construction. Markets are classified as "Dangerous Classes of Occupational Health and Safety" issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (ILO, 2004). When the risks are taken into consideration, marketing companies should perform risk analysis to ensure that hazards and problems will ocur. In this context, it is needed to provide and implement training on occupational health and safety regularly in order to protect against the identified risks. Periodic evaluations are performed at regular intervals that decrease in loss of life and property at marketing companies, both tangible as well as intangible losses will be reduced.</p> <p>Keywords: Markets, risk analyse, occupational health and safety.</p> </div> </div> </div> Mehmet Çolak, Tahsin Cetin, Batuhan Çınar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A Content Analysis Study on Pre-School Education and Instructional Technologies <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Rapidly advancing technology, human life, as well as in every field is observed to be very effective in the field of education. Especially in pre-school period; The use of technology in teaching is a subject that has to be questioned a lot. The aim of this study is to investigate the articles search in the Scopus database in the context of “pre-school education” and “instructional Technologies” between the years 1976-2018. Content analysis evaluation criteria; the research model, the publication status of the research in journals, the number of publications by country, the year of publication, the researchers, the distribution of the keywords used by the researchers, the institutions that the researchers are affiliated with, the type of research done and the fields of research of the studies. When the results of the research are examined; More experimental research models related to "pre-school education" and "instructional technologies" were used. While it is seen that there is no journal related to the field, it has been seen that the related publications reached the highest point between 2010 and 2012, there is no specific researcher concentrated in the field, and “Social Learning Theory” comes at the beginning of the most used keywords. It was observed that the research was not based on a specific institution and the most research was realized in the USA according to the distribution of countries. It was observed that the research was not based on a specific institution and the most research was realized in the USA according to the distribution of countries. The most common type of research was used “article” and “Social Sciences” was the most commonly used keywords in the field of science. It is hoped that this research will guide all researchers working on pre-school education and training technologies.</p> <p>Keywords: Preschool Education, Instructional Technologies, Content analysis, Social sciences, Social learning theory</p> </div> </div> </div> Prof. Dr. Hüseyin Uzunboylu, Esra Gül Gündogdu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Students' Cognitive Awareness and Investigation of Critical Thinking Levels <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>New concepts, new skills and new perspectives are emerging in the social sciences in the face of dazzling developments in science, health and technology sciences. Continuous studies are carried out both in the programs and in the learning processes in order to gain the features that should be found in the people of tomorrow. In this context, cognitive awareness, which means that the individual learns the ways of learning linguistic ways, in other words, the ability to regulate the individual's cognition and to think critically is considered to be one of the characteristics of the future person. For the first time, Flavell introduced the concept in 1976, using the term beyond memory in a study he conducted on children's advanced memory capabilities, and introduced this concept in his literature. In 1979 Flavell, who improved his work, reconstructed his theory, including the cognition. Together with Flavell's theory, studies on the cognitive studies continued until today. Although the concept of cognitive is expressed in different concepts and meanings, in general, the individual's knowledge about his / her own system, structure and work. The difference between cognition and cognition is cognition, being aware of something, understanding it while being cognitive, being aware of how they learn it, knowing how to learn it. The aim of this study is to determine the levels of cognitive awareness and critical thinking skills of the students and to examine the relationship between the two characteristics. For this purpose, questions were asked to what extent the levels of critical thinking and levels of cognitive awareness were different, and to what extent the levels of these two dependent variables differed according to independent variables such as gender, level of education and degree of study, academic success level and frequency of reading. A total of 534 students from 7 faculties and colleges of Erciyes University participated in this study. The lilik Adult Cognitive Ability Test miş which was used in the research was developed by Schraw and Dennison in 1994, translated into Turkish in Ozcan (2007) and carried out linguistic equivalence, validity and reliability studies. Schraw and Dennison discuss cognitive skills under two main headings: cognitive characteristics and cognitive skills. They formed 8 sub- dimensions (factors) for both sections. As a result of the factor analyzes, it was found appropriate to consider two factors as ası cognitive characteristics, cognitive skills regulation düzenlen in accordance with the first parts of the scale. The tedir Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (CPI) ”consists of 52 questions and is marked on a five-point Likert-type scale. The score range is 52 - 260. E California Critical Thinking Tendency Scale (CEDEÖ) iler was used to determine the students' critical thinking dispositions. The scale has 7 subscales and 51 items which are both theoretically determined and psychometrically tested. The adaptation of the scale to Turkish was done by Kökdemir (2003) on 913 students. The scale was prepared according to the 6-point Likert type in the-I strongly disagree ’and ında fully agree” range. The lowest score that can be obtained from the scale is 51, and the highest score is 306. In addition, the personal information form, which contains information containing independent variables, was prepared by the researcher. Since the scales were applied to a similar group, a validity safety study was not performed and validity studies were accepted as sufficient. In order to determine the relationships between variables, the central correlation and the correlation coefficients were used. In order to determine the differences according to the independent variables, t-test and multiple comparisons were used to determine the differences. Post-Hoc test was used for hoc tests. Data were analyzed with SPSS 22 package program. In the analyzes, it is seen that the levels of both cognitive awareness and critical thinking are higher than the students.</p> <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Keywords: Critical thinking, reflective thinking, cognitive awareness</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Mustafa Durmuşçelebi, Beyza Nur Kuşuçuran ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 29 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000