Effect of circuit strength training programme on waist-to-hip ratio of college students

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James Adebayo Esan



This study identified circuit strength training programme as recipe to ameliorate hypokinetic conditions and its effect on waist-to-hip ratio of college students. Randomized pretest, posttest, control group research design was adopted for the study. Participants were 42 male and 45 female college of Education students in Ikere-Ekiti. Stratified random sampling technique was used to assign the participants to experimental and control groups. The experimental group was treated with the circuit training programme. Pretest and post test data were collected on waist girth and gluteal (hip girth) of participants using anthropometric tape. A 12-week intervention programme, consisting of strength training exercises lasting 40 minutes performed three times a week, was employed. Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Mean, standard deviation and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to analysize the data. There was no significant difference in the waist-to-hip ratio of the experimental and control groups of the college students. Difference observed between the experimental and control groups were not statistically significant. An increase was observed in the posttest mean value of the control group men and experimental group women, no difference in the pre and posttest mean values of experimental men and control group women.

Physical Education programmes consisting of strength training exercises be effectively utilized to improve physical health of college students.

Keywords: Circuit strength training; Gluteal girth; Resistance exercise; Waist girth; Waist-to-hip ratio.


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