New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences <p><img src="/ojs/public/site/images/admin/12newtrendhsc2.jpg" alt=""></p> <p align="justify"><strong>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences</strong> is an electronic product focusing entirely on publishing high quality selected conference proceedings. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences enables fast dissemination so conference delegates can publish their papers in a dedicated open access online issue, which is then made freely available worldwide.</p> <p align="justify">&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><u>WCDA-2016 Papers Indexed in Web of Science</u></strong></p> <p><strong>5<sup>th</sup> WORLD CONFERENCE ON&nbsp;</strong><strong>DESIGN AND ARTS (WCDA-2016)</strong> papers published in <em>New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences (ISSN 2547-8818)</em>, have been indexed at the Web of Science (CPCI). Other conferences’ papers are expected to be indexed at the Web of Science soon.</p> <p><img src="/ojs/public/site/images/admin/prosoc_wos.jpg" width="636" height="298"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Click <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here </a>to view the journal cover (current issue) in large sizes.</strong></p> BIRLESIK DUNYA YENILIK ARASTIRMA VE YAYINCILIK MERKEZI en-US New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences 2547-8818 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> EDITORIAL <p><strong>Message from the Guest Editors</strong></p> <p>It is the great honor for us to edit proceedings of “8th Cyprus International Conference on Educational Research (CYICER-2019)” 13-15 June 2019, Cyprus Science University in North Cyprus. This privileged scientific event has contributed to the field of educational research for seven years.</p> <p>As the guest editors of this issue, we are glad to see variety of articles focusing on arts education, college and higher education, creativity, curriculum and instruction, democracy education, developmental psychology, distance education, education and culture, educational administration, educational planning, educational technology, environmental education, foundations of education, geography education, guidance and counseling, health education, history education, human resources in education, human rights education, ınnovation and changing in education, instructional design, language learning and teaching, learner needs in 21 century, learning and teaching, learning psychology, life long learning, mathematic education, measurement and evaluation in education, mobile learning, multi-cultural education, music education, new learning environments, nursery education, pre-school education, primary school education, professional development, science education, secondary school education, social sciences teaching, special education, sports and physical education, teacher training, technology-based learning, the role of education in the globalization world vocational education and etc.</p> <p>Furthermore, the conference is getting more international each year, which is an indicator that it is getting worldwide known and recognized. Scholars from all over the world contributed to the conference. Special thanks are to all the reviewers, the members of the international editorial board, the publisher, and those involved in technical processes. We would like to thank all who contributed to in every process to make this issue actualized. A total of &nbsp;42&nbsp; full papers or abstracts were submitted for this conference and each paper has been peer reviewed by the reviewers specialized in the related field. At the end of the review process, a total of 13 high quality research papers were selected and accepted for publication.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>I hope that you will enjoy reading the papers.</p> <p><strong>Best Regards</strong></p> <p><strong>Guest Editors</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu, <em>Near East University, North Cyprus</em></p> <p><strong>Editorial Assistant</strong></p> <p>Zeynep Genç, Msc. <em>Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey</em></p> <p>Assist. Prof. Dr. F. Sülen Sahin Kiralp, <em>Girne American University, North Cyprus</em></p> Huseyin Uzunboylu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4381 Mobile technologies in educational process Chinese universities <p>Mobile training facilitates communication and information exchange without reference to stationary equipment. The purpose of the study is to find effective resources and mobile programs for use by Chinese undergraduate students in the study of Russian and English as foreign languages. The study was conducted in the Chinese universities of Guangzhou, Zhuhai and Wuhan. Observation, survey, survey and problem-oriented search showed that 95% of respondents prefer to use the mobile communication system WeChat (Weixin). Mobile programs and applications based on it—Xiumi, dictionaries Youdao and Qianyi, mini-program Ruclub, ‘Russian centre’—are widely used in the classroom and outside the classroom, in various forms of student and teaching activities. The results of the study showed that WeChat (Weixin) is the leading mobile platform for learning foreign languages in China. It is important to create a methodological classification of mobile applications used for teaching purposes on the WeChat platform.</p> <p>Keywords: Mobile learning, mobile programs, mobile app, WeChat, Chinese students.</p> Marina Y. Antropova Andrei A. Vlasov Elena F. Kasyanenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 1 7 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4367 National Estonian-language tests: What is measured in text comprehension tasks? <p>Text comprehension includes different components to create a coherent whole. The comprehension tasks of the national Estonian-language tests for Grades 3, 6 and 9 (10-, 13- and 16-year-old students) were analysed to find out the similarity in the distribution of tasks at different comprehension levels for the same grade in consecutive years and if the text comprehension levels in the tests for different grades changed. Deductive content and descriptive analyses were used to find out how comprehension was measured in the national Estonian-language tests. We found that there was no consistency in the tests for the same grade in different years. Additionally, in most cases, the students’ cognitive growth was not considered: the tests for younger students included more inferential and evaluative level tasks than the tests for older students. Although it is important to improve comprehension skills at every level, the emphasis in tests should move from literal to inferential and evaluative tasks in the older age group.</p> <p>Keywords: Text comprehension levels, text comprehension components, national tests, text comprehension tasks, primary school.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Triinu Karbla Krista Uibu Mairi Mannamaa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 8 16 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4369 Off-campus informal learning spaces selection: A Bangkok private university case study <p>Informal learning spaces (ILS) include both inside and outside library spaces and university’s borderline. A university has its duty to provide classrooms and other supporting spaces for formal and informal learning. Nevertheless, the arrangement of such spaces might not logically and functionally match learning preferences and behaviours of students, who are prime users. The deficiency of on-campus ILS might drive students to use off-campus ILS. The understanding of why students select offcampus ILS can reflect any absence and inadequacy of on-campus ILS. The objective was to study where and why undergraduate students of business school select off-campus ILS. This research used students of a Bangkok private university as a case study. The research method was through quantitative analysis and descriptive data analysis, using questionnaire surveys conducted during March 2018. Students with any levels of grade point averages and undergraduate levels had similar preferences for using and not using off-campus ILS. <br> <br>Keywords: Informal learning, learning spaces, ILS, HEI, off-campus, Bangkok.</p> Sonthya Vanichvatana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 17 27 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4370 Academic writing—A challenge in translator training <p>Studies and articles presenting new discoveries, scientific results are usually published in a world language, most often in English, therefore there is a great need to translate these articles in other languages, so that representatives of different professions may keep up with international development. In many cases, these translations are done by specialised translators. Translating academic writing can be challenging in several respects, as it is an accurate, standardised, normative language form, the use of which requires thorough knowledge and experience from the part of the translator. In our study, we examine whether translator trainees at Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania are aware of the characteristics of academic writing and are prepared to write academic text, discussing the eventual difficulties that should be addressed in the training process.</p> <p>Keywords: Academic writing, translator training, style, paraphrasing, proof-reading.</p> Gabriella Kovacs ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 28 35 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4371 How social network applications enhancing team project collaborations at home <p>Team project collaboration is an important teaching and learning activity. Informal learning spaces are required to support such outside classrooms learning activity. There are increasing numbers of students who use virtual space platforms and social network applications (SNA) to support team project works at home. The objectives of this study were to understand how students used SNA to support team project works at home, how they learn about SNA, students’ views of pro and con of SNA and how much students need any supports from higher education institutions (HEI) on this matter. This research used business students of a Bangkok private university as a case study. The results showed that though numerous advantages of SNA, students still valued face-to-face meetings in many phases of a team project. Students with higher grade point averages (GPA) reflected higher proportions of needs for HEI to teach them how to use SNA for team project collaboration at home than the lower GPA students.</p> <p>Keywords: HEI, home, ILS, social network applications, virtual spaces.</p> Sonthya Vanichvatana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 36 49 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4372 Weight loss diet on adult female and body composition exercise application with weight loss <p>This study aims to evaluate the physical effects of sport activities and diet programmes to lose weight in their free times on female with weight problem and living in Sakarya. Anthropometric measurements were conducted on 16 individuals with weight problem and the effects of diet on individuals are examined. These evaluations were obtained with value and percentage analysis conducted via the SPSS program. The results showed significant differences when the time for free time to participate in the sport activities and effects of these activities on individuals with the weight problem. Individuals selected diet and exercise programmes as they desired. The participants were examined based on average age, anthropometric measurements, food habits and physical activity. Also, changes in their metabolisms were examined. Female patients were randomly selected among volunteered plump and overweight female with over 27 kg/m² Body Mass Index and came with the recommendation of a Physician and willingly.</p> <p>Keywords: Sport, women, diet</p> Arzu Altintig Sevda Bagir ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 50 57 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4373 Effect of school and family factor on athletes studying at high school in Sakarya <p>Sports have great importance on establishing either good interpersonal or intersocietal relations on acquiring good habits for the adults who will assume responsibility in the future. Making negative contributions or not making any contributions to sports development identify the limits of the success status of the students in the future. The important institutions to provide sport success are family and school. It is identified that the level of education and income and being athletes in the family is effective to do sport and especially the interest of the family effects the attitude of the kid on sport. Also, the lack of sport equipment and facilities suspend students from sport and school exhibiting positive attitude increased the interest of the student. The subjects of this study are 9th, 10th and 11th grade students of Sport High School of Sakarya. The questionnaire used as the data collection in this study consists of 19 questions.</p> <p>Keywords: Sport, student, family.</p> Arzu Altintig Sevil Bagirova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 58 65 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4374 Examining the relationships between problem-solving and reading comprehension skills <p>Developing problem-solving thinking became extremely important in a well-functioning school system. It must be an integral part of the educational programme as the development of competence in the training of students with the right skills is possible through the processing of a specific curriculum. The purpose of our present survey was to examine the problem-solving skills of the 1st year students of Sapientia University. In our study, we report on the achievements of humanities and science students in solving complex tasks requiring computational thinking. The result data suggest that there is a close correlation between the level of problem-solving skills and the level of reading comprehension and writing skills. For each task, the number of those who tried to solve the task was high, but much more less could reach from recognising to understand and solve the problem.</p> <p>Keywords: Problem-solving, computational thinking, reading comprehension.</p> Katalin Harangus ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 66 74 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4375 Academic mobility development in Turkey via English for specific purposes <p>Special skills, abilities and knowledge, necessary for professional growth and/or education in a foreign academic environment can be developed by means of foreign language learning. English language training in the context of academic mobility development should be based on high educational quality; advanced level of English demonstrated by students and academics; their informational, social and cultural preadaptation. The aim of the research is to apply this concept in practice and make Turkey more attractive for academics and students from other countries. The main result of the research will be the creation of the coursebook ‘Study, Teach and Research in Turkey. English for Academic Mobility’ for Intermediate/Upper-Intermediate learners, including Students’ Book, Teachers’ Book, DVD with audio and video material. The course development involves several stages. The course can be useful for university students and academics and language courses in Turkey and abroad.</p> <p>Keywords: Academic mobility; cultural preadaptation; higher education; teaching English.</p> Irina Shelenkova Laula Zherebayeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 75 81 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4376 Information seeking behaviours of engineering students: Case of Near East University <p>This study examines the information seeking behaviours of university students and explores students’ preferences between the university library and the Google search engine with their reasons. The research questionnaire was applied to 250 Near East University, Faculty of Engineering students. According to the results of the study; even students have enough knowledge to use the university library, they prefer to use Google and Internet resources for various purposes because they think that this is the fastest and easiest way to reach information. Even students obtain information via the Internet; they give importance to indicate the source in their assignments and projects. Findings also showed that there are some significant differences between departments’ information seeking behaviours.</p> <p>Keywords: Information seeking behaviours, Internet, Google, engineering education, university libraries.</p> Kezban Alpan Mehmet Ceyhun Avci ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 82 91 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4377 Problems of vitality of the Turkic languages in the age of globalisation <p>In recent years, there is an apparent increase in interest of linguists to do comparative studies on lexicology over the genetic and typologically related languages. This paper has sought to critically research the role of mutual lexical enrichment of kindred languages and assimilation of loanwords, in particular, anglicisms to the vitality, maintenance and revitalisation of Turkic languages in the age of globalisation. The most important reasons for penetration and use of words and terms borrowed from English in modern Turkic languages have extra linguistic nature. However, intra linguistic factors are not an exception. Owing to distinctions of graphic bases of the alphabets and pronunciation norms of Turkic languages, the level of phonetic, grammatical and semantic assimilation of loanwords and terms in these languages are not identical. Because of incomplete phonological and graphic adaptation of loanwords, it becomes clear that in the Turkic languages national colouring, phonetic and orthographic norms of these languages are partly changed.</p> <p>Keywords: Vitality, lexical system, Turkic languages, globalisation, anglicisms.</p> Gulzhan Doszhana Gulzhan Gauriyeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 92 98 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4378 Facebook use by people with learning disabilities: The case for facilitated, guided autonomy <p>Facebook is a worldwide phenomenon. However, for people with learning disabilities, the platform presents many challenges. These relate to social skills, self-expression and avoiding exploitation or other hurtful experiences. This study explores factors relating to Facebook use or abstinence by this cohort; how these may be influenced by their learning disabilities, and how supporters can help mitigate any difficulties or barriers. In-depth interviews (n = 115) and observations of usage were conducted. The findings revealed that themes elicited centred around passive consumption of content, supporter controls, virtual connectivity, vicarious enjoyment and aspects concerning the projection of self. Factors related to non-use included a lack of knowledge or access to the platform. A case is made for supporters practicing ‘facilitated, guided autonomy’ by working with those whom they support to help evaluate ‘friend’ requests, compose posts and generally, emphasising their subservience to those whom they support, act as ‘Facebook assistants’.</p> <p>Keywords: Social media, Facebook, learning disabilities, inclusion, autonomy.</p> Peter Williams ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 99 108 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4379 Who uses home as informal learning spaces: A Bangkok private university case study <p>Home is one type of off-campus informal learning spaces (ILS). It is important to understand the behaviours of students that use home as ILS. Such information will enlighten universities to provide/improve proper on-campus ILS and/or other academic supports. This research used a quantitative approach through online questionnaire survey during February 2019. The study took business students at a Bangkok private university as a case study. The descriptive analysis was done according to students’ grade point average (GPA) and undergraduate levels. The results revealed how and why students, especially those with different levels of GPA, chose to study at home. This study also suggests how higher education institutions (HEI) can support ILS to students who do not study at home. Students with different GPA levels should be supported from HEI differently.</p> <p>Keywords: HEI, home, grade point averages, learning spaces, Bangkok.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sonthya Vanichvatana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 6 5 109 119 10.18844/prosoc.v6i5.4380